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Indian Education Boards - CBSE, IB, IGCSE, ICSE, State Board

Choosing the board most suitable for your child can be a harrowing experience. Many parents are confused with which board to choose. There are namely four common boards like the CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education), ICSE (Indian Certificate for Secondary Education), IB (International Baccalaureate) and the SSC (State Boards).

 

India Schools offer both Indian and International Syllabi namely:

1. CBSE: Central Board of Secondary Education
2. CISCE(ICSE): Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE)
3. IB: International Baccalaureate
4. IGCSE: International General Certificate of Secondary Education (IGCSE) Cambridge University
5. State Board:State Government Recognized Board

SchoolConnects.in brings some insights into the Indian Education Boards for parents new to the world of schooling. With the Beginning of admissions’ season across cities in India, parents face dilemma as which board would fit best for their young ones. Education in India is very highly dependent on the syllabus offered and most parents choose schools based on the syllabus it offers rather than on the kind of education imparted by the school. 

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A. Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)

A Board which follows universal pattern, Started by the NCERT (National Council of Educational Research and Training) with the aim to operate a chain of central schools (Kendriya Vidyalaya) that could cater to government employees who are in transferable jobs that involve midyear movements. A number of private schools have started to offer CBSE since a number of private sector employees are also moving place to place. The CBSE Syllabus is very structured, highly predictable and, highly controlled. All national entrance examinations are conducted as per this syllabus. A number of changes have been incorporated lately, the prominent decision being to make board examination at the end of Grade -10 optional while it is mandatory for Grade-12. It prepares the syllabus for students up to Class 12. The curriculum is set by National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT). The board conducts India's two nation-wide board examinations: the All India Secondary School Examination for Class 10 and the All India Senior School Certificate Examination for Class 12. 

Many schools are affiliated to CBSE syllabus. All major cities have CBSE schools, hence easy to move around in the country. The curriculum is very good when it comes to general knowledge and general subjects. It allows the kids to experience subjects without going deep into them thus helping them to choose the focus after Xth. This board prepares kids for competitive exams like the IIT, CAT, IIM and all entrance exams which are held at national level and it gives better chances for appearing for Armed Forces Exams, NDA, IAS, IFS, IPS.etc. The schools also focus a lot on extracurricular activities Most of which are compulsory thus assuring an overall growth of the child. One disadvantage is the length of the syllabus. It has vast syllabus

Examination Pattern :

All India Senior School Certificate Examination (AISSCE) for Class 10 and 12

Facts :

Total Number of Schools Affiliated with CBSE: 14808
Areas of Operation: 25 Countries including India, Malaysia, Dubai etc
Major entrance exams syllabus based on CBSE viz. IIT, AIPMT etc

B. Council of Indian School Certificate Examinations (CICSE)

An offshoot of the Cambridge IGCSE that existed during the British regime was taken over by the Anglo Indian Board and is now governed by the ‘Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations’. It has taken in a lot of structures from the NCERT. At Grade-10 as of now is the toughest board examination. Almost similar to CBSE in terms of controls, difference being this is quasi Government.

The ICSE is the short form of Indian Certificate for Secondary Education. It was established by the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate. The council conducts an all India exam for Class 10 called ICSE(Indian Certificate for Secondary Education) and for class 12 called the Indian School Certificate (ISC).

The ICSE board follows the basics strengthening syllabus. all the introduction is repeated and then quadratic equations are handled. Even questions are based on the basics. This makes the basics of the topic very strong. This helps the student a lot of confidence when higher studies are involved. As his basics are very strong, half the job is done. There is lot of focus on language and literature. So good for kids wanting to make a career which involves writing, reading, talking, debating, arguing, surveying, historians, geologist etc. This curriculum is very good when it comes to general knowledge and general subjects . However it is unnecessarily vast. 

This board is also good for competitive exams like IIT, IIM, CAT, All India entrance exams, but needs extra time and coaching. Even Armed forces exams can be taken after this board. ICSE syllabus is particularly important for students who prefer higher education abroad. Exams like GRE, TOEFLand GMAT have a lot of verbal ability testing. Its also excellent for those who are migrating from abroad as the curriculum is close to international board. One important distinguishing feature in ICSE syllabus is the importance given to projects. Projects are very important and they form the marking scheme in the performance of the student. This makes the student extremely active and it improves his thinking ability.

Examination Pattern :

This body conducts 3 examinations, namely
• ICSE (Indian certificate secondary education) exam for class 10
• ISC (Indian school certificate) exam for class 12
• CVE (Certificate for vocational education) exam for class 12

Facts :

• Total Number of Schools Affiliated with CISCE: Approx. 1000
• Areas of Operation: India, UAE, Singapore, Indonesia
• Subjects Offered ICSE in 2013-64 with 23 Indian languages and 12 are foreign languages.
• Subjects Offered ISC in 2013- 50 with 23 Indian languages and 12 are foreign languages.

C. International Baccalaureate (IB), formerly the International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO)

IB is an international educational foundation headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland and founded in 1968. IBO conducts an External Exam only for Diploma; School assesses other programs. This board is excellent for kids whose parents are globe trotters as it enables kids to get admission into any IB school across the world. There are very few students in each batch, hence ensures quality focus on each child. The syllabus is taught in most interesting and interactive way with the best of equipments. The overall atmosphere in the school is international, with kids taking teachers as their equals. However these schools can be extremely expensive!

Examination Pattern :

It offers 3 educational programs, namely
• PYP or Primary year program for KG to Class-5
• MYP or Middle year program for Class-6 to Class-10
• DP or Diploma program for Class-11 and Class-12

Facts :

• Number of Schools: Approx 3500 worldwide & 130 in India.
• Areas of Operations: 144 Countries including India, USA, UK, Australia etc.

D. International General Certificate of Secondary Education (IGCSE)

It is an academically rigorous, internationally used, specialized, English language curriculum which is offered to students to prepare them for International Baccalaureate and CIE A-level.

Examination Pattern :

• Cambridge Primary, typically for learners aged 5 to 11 years
• Cambridge Secondary 1
• Cambridge Secondary 2 is typically for learners aged 14 to 16 years. It offers learners two routes: Cambridge IGCSE and Cambridge O Level.
• Cambridge Advanced is typically for learners aged 16 to 19 years who need advanced study to prepare for university and higher education. It offers learners two routes: Cambridge International AS and A Level, and Cambridge Pre-U.

Facts :

• Number of Schools: Approx 200 in India
• Areas of Operations: 120 Countries including India, USA, UK.

E. State Board

Secondary School Certificate, commonly known as SSC, is a public examination taken by students in Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Goa in India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan , after successfully completing at least ten years of schooling. It is followed by Higher Secondary (School) Certificate (HSC). SSC is an equivalent to GCSE in the England.

State Boards are comparatively limited in the content and subjects as compared to other boards.The syllabus is easier and hence less stressful to the students.These schools being state centric are excellent for parents planning to stay in the same state for life. The State language is compulsory. As the concepts are generally lagging the kids have to be given external coaching, if planning for IIT, CAT and other competitive exams. These schools are great for kids who are focused on extracurricular activities like sports etc.

Examination Pattern :

• SSC: Secondary School Certificate, 10 Board Exams
• HSC: Higher School Certificate, 12 Board Exams

Facts :

• Areas of Operations: Every State and Union Territory of India
 

Author Info :

SchoolConnects Team is a diversified team that researches , curates and writes articles that will help parents gain better access to their child's education

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